Publisher’s numbering scheme Other clues. Pioneer Era Although the world’s first picture postcards date from the s to the mids, most of the earliest American picture postcards extant today are those that were sold at the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, starting on May 1, These were illustrations on government-printed postal cards and on privately printed souvenir cards. The government postal cards included a printed 1-cent stamp; the privately printed souvenir cards required a 2-cent adhesive postage stamp to be attached. Messages were not permitted on the address side of the cards; after attempting various forms of explaining that regulation, the U. The required postage was a 1-cent adhesive stamp.
A Brief History of Postcards
A irbrush – A Technique which colors have been painted using air compression. Very popular with linen postcards where all undesirable elements have been airbrushed away while enhancing the scenes colors. Albumen Print – An image printed on paper using egg albumen the white of an egg mixed along with whey derived from curdled milk. The albumen and whey is boiled, filtered, and then mixed with grains of iodide potassium. These prints usually show a brown, yellow, or purple tone.
PEORIA, ILLINOIS, PHOTOGRAPHERS, – a guide to dating photographs. . A-B C-D E-F G-H I-J K-L M N-O P-Q R S T-V W-Z.
See how Washington, DC and Smithsonian visitors have shared their trips with others by taking a historic look at the Smithsonian through the picture postcard. Postcards, as we are familiar with them today, have taken a considerable amount of time to develop. First restricted by size, color, and other regulations, postcard production blossomed in the late s and early s. Postcards were popular because they were a quick and easy way for individuals to communicate with each other.
Today deltiology, or the collection of postcards, is a popular hobby. The following is a brief general history of the postcard in the United States. The dates for each time period are not concrete and different sources contain slightly variable dates. It is also important to keep in mind that postcard types produced in one period could also be produced in another, but were simply not produced in the same volume as other card types of the period. Before postcards, some people sent cards through the mail with attached postage.
While we do not have picture envelopes that date from this time period, this envelope with the Smithsonian Institution Building on it is similar to the earlier picture envelopes.
Primary Source Document Research: Using Postcards to Understand History
Deltiology, numismatics and philately are reportedly the three most popular interests in the field of collecting yawning yet? In just the first line of this article, I have managed to make it sound confusing, pretentious, and even strange. More precisely numismatics encompasses the collecting of coins, paper money, and medals.
This article, however, will categorize landmarks or eras in American postcard production.
color prints with subjects dating from the s through the s. Photochrom prints, and postcards created by the Detroit Publishing Company. Images.
I was attending the Harrison County Historical Society Christmas Party last weekend and some friends and I were trying to identify a postcard that was labeled as Main Street, Clarksburg. It was unrecognizable as Main Street as we knew it, so we started talking about the clues that the postcard presented us about the time period it was created so we could use Clarksburg City Directories to find the location of the home in the photo.
This is the postcard that spawned this blog post. As I looked for information that could help date the card, I found that much can be learned about the content of postcards from the history of their production. There are several distinct styles of postcards that can be categorized by era. In legislation passed allowing cards that weighed one ounce or less to be sent through the mail.
Real Photo Postcards
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Unlike most postcard manufacturers, accurate dating of cards produced By , Curt Teich had mastered the photochrom printing process.
A vast number of businesses and photographers produced their own postcards over the years and to simplify things I have only included the major players below. The list is a work in progress. Left to right: Donegal card posted Enniscorthy Castle. Limerick city centre. Best known for their saucy seaside postcards, the company also produced a wide range of topographical cards. The firm went out of business in the s and their stock was taken over by the firm of ETW Dennis of Scarborough.
A publisher of colour collotype postcards depicting national views of the United States and of the United Kingdom. They produced a notable set of historic monotone views of New York City. Their cards were printed in Germany. Ref: Metrocard. Harvey Barton was a landscape photographer of some repute, one time president of the Bristol Camera Society.
Greetings from the Past: Identifying and dating postcards
photochrome: Introduced in , the modern chrome postcard, with richly coloured photographic images and no border on one side. Most linen and black and.
This guide is meant to aid the collector in identifying and dating real photo postcards, and to act as a reminder that it is impossible to do so with great accuracy. A lthough real photo postcards were made in a variety of ways, they hold one identifiable feature in common. The tonalities of photos are completely continuous to the eye producing true greys, for they are created by the reaction of individual photosensitive molecules to light rather than the transfer of ink from a plate.
In printed images the grey areas are usually made up of black marks that are spaced to create the optical illusion of greys. Though most of us today are familiar with the concept of photo grain, this is mostly because we have experienced very large prints made from small 35mm negatives. But even here the effect is more of a softening of detail than a observable texture. Early real photo postcards are small by their very nature and since most were contact printed, not enlarged, there is no visible texture.
Collotypes, which provide the finest detail of all printing methods are sometimes confused with real photo postcards. But even collotypes will exhibit a discernible grain when magnified.
MSS 045 – Aleman Estate (Hathaway Gibbens) Collection: Inventory
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Postcards published before that date, whether mailed are not, are known as Date: [after March 1, ] Publisher: C. T. Photochrom.
The Detroit Publishing Company was one of the major image publishers in the world for nearly 30 years from to The company produced prints of landscapes and city scenes across the United States and around the world. The collection consists of photographic prints, postcards, and color prints with subjects dating from the s through the s. The Detroit Publishing Co. Started in in Detroit, Michigan, it was known until by its two subsidiary operations, the Photochrom Co.
A timely joining of entrepreneurial energies helped assure the early success of the company. William A. Livingstone an engineer and son of wealthy Detroit shipping magnate, newspaper publisher, and financier, William Livingstone, Jr. Husher, to form the company.